Security Council of the United Nations, Intervention of the Secretary-General on the questions concerning the attacks in Syria.

Text of the intervention of the Secretary-General of the Organization of the United Nations Her Excellency Honorable Mr. António Guterres at the Security Council of the Organization of the United Nations on the Middle East on the attack of the United States of America, of the United Kingdom of the Great Britain and of the Northern Ireland and of the France on the Syria caused from the chemical attacks and aggressions executed in the past days on the City of Douma and on the Ghouta.

of Benedetto Loprete

The Secretary-General of the Organization of the United Nations
Her Excellency Honorable Mr. António Guterres
The United Nations, Headquarters of New York

New York, the 14th april 2018

Security Council of the Organization of the United Nations on the Middle East on the attack of the United States of America, of the United Kingdom of the Great Britain and of the Northern Ireland and of the France on the Syria caused from the chemical attacks and aggressions executed against the civilian population in the past days on the City of Douma and on the Ghouta.

Reference n.: 2129/2129563
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Reference n.: 5770404912001
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https://www.un.org/sg/en/content/sg/statement/2018-04-14/secretary-generals-briefing-security-council-syria-delivered.

«I have been following the conclusion of the reports over the air strikes in Syria conducted from the United States of America, the France and the United Kingdom of the Great Britain and of the Northern Ireland.
During the course of the last night at the 21:00 hours in New York, the President of the United States of America Honorable Mr. Donald John Trump has announced the beginning of the military operations of the airstrikes, with the participation of the France and of the United Kingdom of the Great Britain and of the Northern Ireland, indicating that they were targeting the chemical weapons capabilities owned from the Syrian government and detained for their future use.
His statement has been followed from the announcements that have been released from the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of the Great Britain and of the Northern Ireland Honorable Mrs. Theresa May and from the President of the France Honorable Mr. Emmanuel Jean-Michel Frédéric Macron.
The airstrikes were reportedly limited to three military locations inside the Syria. As first target they have been included the “Syrian Scientific Studies and Research Centre” at “Al-Mazzah Airport” in the city of Damascus; as second target they have been included an alleged chemical weapons storage facility at west of the city of Homs; and as third target – an other alleged chemical weapons equipment storage site and command post, also near the city of Homs.
The syrian government has announced to have replied against the airstrikes executed on the equipments, on the infrastructures and on the installations with a surface-to-air-missile activity of response and of defence.
Both the sources indicated from the United States of America and from the Russia there were not casualties and injured civilians provoked from the activities of bombardment executed over the targets.
The Organization of the United Nations is, however, unable to verify the details of all of these reports in independently manner.
As Secretary-General of the Organization of the United Nations, it is my duty to remind to all the Member States that there is an obligation, in particular when is dealing with the matters of the peace and of the security of all and of the world, to act in a coherent and a consistent manner with the Charter of the Organization of the United Nations and with international law in general.
The Charter of the Organization of the United Nations is really very clear on these issues, on these arguments, on these questions.
The Security Council of the Organization of the United Nations has the primary responsibility for the maintenance of the international peace and of the security.
I call on the members of the Security Council of the Organization of the United Nations to be united and to exercise these important powers with responsibility.
I urge to all the Member States to show restraint in these dangerous circumstances and to avoid any acts that could escalate the matters and the situations and worsen the suffering of the Syrian people.
As I have did yesterday, I stress the need to avoid that the situation degenerates in the spiraling of the violence and of the cruelty out of control.
Any use of the chemical weapons is abhorrent. The suffering that this types of weapons so equipped cause are horrendous, terrible, tremendous.
I have repeatedly expressed my deep disappointment in the moment that the Security Council of the Organization of the United Nations has failed to agree over the question concerning a dedicated mechanism to determine the level of the effective accountability and of the effective accountability for the use of the chemical weapons in Syria.
I urge that the Security Council of the Organization of the United Nations it assumes the responsibilities that are concerning and inherent to the institutional functions to exercise and to fill this gap. I will continue to engage with all the Member States to help to achieve this objective.
A lack of the sense of the accountability emboldens those who would to use such weapons to provide in them with the reassurance of the impunity.
This in turn further weakens the norm that proscribing the use of the chemical weapons and the international disarmament and the non-proliferation the architecture and the structure of the arsenals as a whole.
The seriousness of the recent allegations of the use of the chemical weapons in the city of Douma requires a thorough investigation over the situations that have occurred using impartial, independent and professional expertises in the matter.
I reaffirm all my complete and full support for the Organization for the Prohibition of the Chemical Weapons – the OPCW – and for the “Fact-Finding Mission” in the undertaking to require an investigation over the facts and over the situations that have occurred.
The team of the expertises is already in action in the operative phase to treat and to develop the institutional functions in Syria over the thatre of the operations executed. I am informed that their planning for the operations to visit the sites and the installation of the systems of the equipments is completed and they are ready to go and to start.
I am confident that they will have the disponibility to the full access and to visit to inspect the sites and the installation of the systems of the equipments, without any restrictions or impediments to perform their institutional activities.
Allow to me to repeat what I have said before yesterday.
The question of the Syria today represents the most serious threat against the international peace and the security.
In Syria, we see the confrontations and the approach of wars involving several national armies with several and hard consequences, a number of armed groups of oppositions and of rebels, many national and international militias and militiamen, mercenaries and foreign fighters coming from everywhere from all around the world, and various criminal terrorist and fundamentalist organizations and groups active and operative in the area, in the region.
From the beginning, we have witnessed at the systematic violations of the international humanitarian law and of the international conventions in matter, of the international human rights law, and of the international law, tout court in utter disregard of the letter and of the spirit of the Charter of the Organization of the United Nations and of the fundamental human and civil rights.
For eight long and several years, the people of the Syria have endured and have suffered upon cruel and tremendous suffering and privations.
The Syrians citizens have lived through a litany of the horrors and of the dramatic conditions and situations: atrocities, injuries, offenses, crimes, sieges, starvation, indiscriminate attacks against the civilians and the civilian infrastructures, the use of the chemical weapons, the forced displacements, the sexual violences and the harassments, the tortures, the detentions, the imprisonments and the enforced disappearances. The list could go on.
At this critical juncture, at this point I have called on all Members to act consistently against these actions, against these tremendous situations in the respect, in coherence with the Charter of the Organization of the United Nations and with international law, including the norms against the detention, the possess in the arsenals and the use of the chemical weapons and to adopt, to adapt and to implement the norms concerning these matters and these questions.
If the law were to be ignored, it is undermined then not applied, not implemented and not observed therefore not respected.
There is not possible to solve this situation with the adoption and with the use of the military solution against to the crisis in act in the Syria.
The solution must be diplomatic, institutional and political.
We must find the manners to make credible the progress towards genuine, credible the political solutions that could meet the aspirations of the Syrian people and dedicated to their dignity and freedom in accordance with the meaning of the words expressed from the text of the Resolution n. 2254 adopted from the Security Council of the Organization of the United Nations at the end of the Meeting n. 7588th of the 18th of December 2015 and from the official text of the “Geneva Communiqué”, consistent in the Statement released from the ISSG, the “International Syria Support Group”, the 14th of November 2015.
I have asked to my Special Envoy for the Syria to come to New York at the Office of the Secretary-General at the Headquarters of the Organization of the United Nations as soon as possible to consult and to discuss personally with me on the most effective modalities to accelerate the diplomatic, the political and the institutional process over this situation concerning this conflict.
Thank you, Mr. President».

Signed:
The Secretary-General of the Organization of the United Nations
Her Excellency Honorable Mr. António Guterres

Photography n. #757353: Intervention of the Secretary General Organization of the United Nations Hon. António Guterres at the Security Council of the Organization of the United Nations, Meeting n. 8233rd.
Photography of: Manuel Elias for the Organization of the United Nations and for the Security Council of the Organization of the United Nations.
United Nations Headquarters. New York, the 14th april 2018.

Photography n. #757354: Opening of the Session of the Security Council of the Organization of the United Nations, Meeting n. 8233rd from the President of the Security Council of the Organization of the United Nations, the Permanent Representative of the Peru Hon. Ambassador Gustavo Meza-Cuadra with the Secretary General Organization of the United Nations António Guterres.
Photography of: Manuel Elias for the Organization of the United Nations and for the Security Council of the Organization of the United Nations.
United Nations Headquarters. New York, the 14th april 2018.

Benedetto Loprete